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Wales Travel guide

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information about Wales

Wales :(Cymru) It is easy to go to Wales from Chester or take the . But you should try to get to Wales, which has a hundred old castles, even if you don't make Chester. North Wales is the best. The cities of the south are grim, bleak coal-mining centers that are closed now. Go to Llangollen for the annual Eisteddfod festival, which is a festival for musicians and dancers from all over the world. But it is the magnificent Welsh singing such as you heard in "How Green Was My Valley" which rules the occasion. Llangollen is in Denbighshire, where flows the River Dee. Go to Betws-y-Coed in Caernarvonshire. Visit Colwyn Bay, and Llandudno, modern resorts with good hotels and fine beaches. Try the Imperial, St. George's or Craigside Hydro.
Caernarvon Castle is where the first Prince of Wales was presented by his father, Edward I. The castle is forbidding and majestic. North of Caernarvon are the resort towns of Llanfairfechan, Penmaenmawr and Bangor. The highest mountain in England and Wales, Snowdon, is in this county which is famous for its steep mountain ranges and its mountain climbing. South of Caernarvon is Montgomeryshire, which is in Central Wales where the Wye and the Severn Rivers start their course. There are some charming towns and excellent fishing in the streams of Vyrnwy and Wye.
Westward on the coast is Cardiganshire with some delightful resort towns. At Aberystwyth is a college of the University of Wales. Still going south you come to Pembrokeshire with its many Norman castles. This is the oldest county in South Wales and full of historical interest. The stones at Stonehenge are believed to have come from here. And who could resist a lighthouse named Strumble Head. Cardiff is the chief city in Wales.

Wales occupy 8,023sq. miles on the s.west of Great Britain, bounded on three sides by water and on the fourth by, Herefordshire, Cheshire, Shropshire and Gloucestershire. The Clwydian Range, Anglesey, Gower Peninsula are among the most natural beauty areas of Wales. The coastline of the Principality of Wales is over I,000 miles long, and no part of the country is more than 50 miles from the sea.
The westerly Cambrian Mountains, which include, at their northern end, Snowdonia (rising as Snowdon to 3,560 feet), exceed in height and grandeur the Brecon Beacons in the South. The Wye (I35 miles.), and the Severn (22o m.) have their sources on Plynlimmon (2,q68 ft), and finally disgorge into the Bristol Channel. Wales also shares with England the river Dee ('7o m.).
Lake Bala (4 m. long) in Merioneth is the largest natural lake, larger than the artificial Lake Vynwy, which supplies Liverpool with water. Birmingham draws its supplies from the beautiful artificial lakes formed by damming the Elan Valley.

Wales  National Parks: are the Brecon Beacons park , the Snowdonia park and the Pembrokeshire Coast.The National Parks cover one-fifth of Wales: Snowdonia (837 sq. miles), Brecon Beacons (5I5 sq. miles.) and the Pembrokeshire coast, which includes the  Pembrokeshire Coast Path National Trail a continuous 186 miles coastal walk. The trail is one of the 15 longest trales in Wales and england.
The largest island of Wales is Anglesey (276 sq. miles) and is linked to the mainland by Thomas Telford's Menai Bridge (completed in 1826) and the Britannia Bridge.
Population
The industrial areas of South Wale are more heavily populated than the agricultural and mountainous ones of North Wales. In fact, of the 2,693,000 people in Wales, about 2,000,000 live in the industrial South.
Welsh-speaking people numbered 656,00o in 196 1, and of the total population I per cent spoke Welsh only.

History: The Menhirs and other megalithic monuments in Anglesey indicating the prehistoric past of Wales. The Romans conquered first the Celts, of South East, and then those of central and western, Wales between 74 and 78 AD, and kept them under subjection by constructing military roads. After the departure of the Romans, the Saxons confined the Welsh by building Offa's Dyke from the Dee to the Wye.
Edward the 1st (1272-1307) set up military bases and castles throughout Wales. Legend has it that, when he promised the unconquerable chieftains a native-born prince who did not speak English, he tricked them by contriving that his own son should be born in Caernarvon Castle. Since then, the eldest son of each Sovereign has been given the title of Prince of Wales. This has helped to reconcile an independent nation to English rule, though rebellions continued until the Battle of Bosworth Field  brought the Tudor Henry VII, who was born in Pembroke, to the throne of England.

Wales Map:

2007 travel guides