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Wales Travel guide
information about Wales
Wales :(Cymru) It is easy to go to Wales from Chester or
take the . But you should try to get
to Wales, which has a hundred old castles, even if you don't make
Chester. North Wales is the best. The cities of the south are grim,
bleak coal-mining centers that are closed now. Go to Llangollen for the
annual Eisteddfod festival, which is a festival for musicians and dancers from
all over the world. But it is the magnificent Welsh singing such as you
heard in "How Green Was My Valley" which rules the occasion. Llangollen
is in Denbighshire, where flows the River Dee. Go to Betws-y-Coed in
Caernarvonshire. Visit Colwyn Bay, and Llandudno, modern resorts with
good hotels and fine beaches. Try the Imperial, St. George's or
The largest island of Wales is Anglesey (276 sq. miles) and is linked to the mainland by Thomas Telford's Menai Bridge (completed in 1826) and the Britannia Bridge.
The industrial areas of South Wale are more heavily populated than the agricultural and mountainous ones of North Wales. In fact, of the 2,693,000 people in Wales, about 2,000,000 live in the industrial South.
Welsh-speaking people numbered 656,00o in 196 1, and of the total population I per cent spoke Welsh only.
History: The Menhirs and other megalithic monuments in Anglesey indicating the prehistoric past of Wales. The Romans conquered first the Celts, of South East, and then those of central and western, Wales between 74 and 78 AD, and kept them under subjection by constructing military roads. After the departure of the Romans, the Saxons confined the Welsh by building Offa's Dyke from the Dee to the Wye.
Edward the 1st (1272-1307) set up military bases and castles throughout Wales. Legend has it that, when he promised the unconquerable chieftains a native-born prince who did not speak English, he tricked them by contriving that his own son should be born in Caernarvon Castle. Since then, the eldest son of each Sovereign has been given the title of Prince of Wales. This has helped to reconcile an independent nation to English rule, though rebellions continued until the Battle of Bosworth Field brought the Tudor Henry VII, who was born in Pembroke, to the throne of England.
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