World Europe UK


Information for visitors in London

London is the capital of the United Kingdom, as in England, to the southeast of where it stands. spans the River Thames, where is its port, one of the largest in the country. For two millennia it was an important settlement. The history goes back to its founding by the Romans. [3] Since its inception in London remains protagonist in important movements and phenomena of world history, as the Industrial Revolution and the Renaissance of Gothic Architecture. [4] The core of the city is old city of London, from which there are still limited medieval remains. Since at least the 19th century the name "London" refers to the entire metropolis around it. The Metropolitan London includes, besides the City (City, town center), 32 apartments, which was originally a stand-alone cities, eventually But merged due to urban expansion of the British capital and incorporated therein. the city has an elected mayor and assembly.
It is a major business, financial and cultural center. There he established many companies, organizations, and various other global institutions. [10] The effect of London politics, education, the media, fashion and the arts contributed to regard as a major global city. In London are four World Heritage Sites: The Palace, Abbey and St. Margaret's Church at Westminster, the Tower of London, the historic settlement of Greenwich and the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. The city is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world due to the economic growth of the popularity has soared in recent years.
The population is growing even more if you counted a few million residents of the wider metropolitan area. The versatility of the population is extremely large, and includes people of all races in the world and therefore makes it one of the largest multicultural communities worldwide. In London inhabit some of the richest people in the world. More than 300 languages ​​are spoken within the city. Based on 2006 data, the official population is 7,512,400 inhabitants within the boundaries of Greater London and is the most populous municipality in the European Union. In 2001 the urban area of ​​Greater London had a population of 8,278,251 inhabitants, while the metropolitan area is estimated that there were 13.708 million people. London hosted the Olympic Games in 2012.

London has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of the British Isles. This means that the city rarely sees very low or very high temperatures, as was the heatwave of 2003 and the cold wave of 2006. The summers are cool, with an average maximum temperature 23 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit) and a mean lower the 14 degrees Celsius (57 degrees Fahrenheit). Many days, the temperature can be overcome and 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit). Winters are cold (from 0 to 6 degrees Celsius), but the temperature seldom falls below minus two degrees. The reason why winters in the London area is relatively mild compared to other nearby countries, such as Iceland, Sweden, Norway etc is because during the winter months comes a warm current, which is moving at sea from South America and so it leaves the water to freeze, causing the temperature to remain at these levels in the winter. In the spring the days are characterized by relatively cool temperatures and the evenings of intense kryo.To summer, however, the temperatures are almost identical to the neighboring Nordic countries. Rainfall in the city on average reach 583.6 mm annually. Several are the snowfall, but do not keep long periods. So, London is warmer during the winter months (up to 5 degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit 9 is the temperature in winter) compared with surrounding areas and similar summer  

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