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England is the largest of the countries that form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Many times the name mistakenly used instead of the name of the United Kingdom.
It was named by the English, one of the tribes originally lived in northern Germany and emigrated to England during the 6th century AD. From there comes the Latin name Anglia. The capital of England, London, is the UK capital. Other major cities in England are Manchester, Liverpool and Nioukasl.Simadia human activity in England are for more than 500,000 years ago, although the Ice Age made periodically England uninhabited. During the Stone Age, developed in England one of the oldest farming communities in the world, if not the oldest, which replaced the hunters. In Western England appear 4,000 years ago, developed megalithic communities with the greatest achievement of these Stonehenge. Followed by the Celtic tribes who came from Western Europe, especially from France, passing the peninsula of Brittany, hence the name "British". These tribes were in contact with the Phoenicians, which shows that since Britain was an important part of Pan-European commercial network!
The British were important factors in terms of the rest of Europe and supported the Gallic allies, the Gallic Wars against the Roman Republic. This caused the Romans to attack Britain and gradually conquer the whole southern part. England escaped the Roman Empire in the 5th century when Rome was going through crisis.
Without the support of the Roman army, Britain could not repel the Germanic tribes who arrived in the 4th and 5th centuries, which now form the majority of current British. Many Romans, however, remained on the island, who were absorbed by other tribes.
The new tribes in Britain were three: the English, the Saxons and jute. Gradually formed states which absorbed between them, the most famous Anglo-Saxon Eptarchia. Soon appeared a king-leader for all Anglo-Saxons, who had control of all or most Englishmen. It is impossible to determine exactly when the English Kingdom joined completely. One view is that the full union of the British arose from the need to defend the attack of Danish Vikings who conquered the eastern part of England in the 8th century. The Egkvertos, King of Ouesex (839 AD), considered the first King of all the British, although the title "King of England" was first used officially by Alfredo the Great (871-899).
The cultural heritage that they left in this region by the British, it seems especially in toponymy. Many names of localities in England and Scotland, from Gaelic English names, such as London, Ntoumparton, York, Dorchester, Dover and Colchester. The Welsh name for England is Lloegr, of unknown origin, although likely to mean "lost lands" (Lost Lands).
Until recently, we thought that when the Anglo-Saxons migrated to Britain, the British were driven back from the island. However, genetic studies have shown that the ancient British did not migrate. Many archaioanglikes tribes remained where later would form the nation of England.
The findings of HAT strengthened the research of Stephen Bassett of the University of Birmingham, which research in the 1990s, said that the area of the West Midlands still comprised most ancient of English rather than Anglo-Saxon tribes.
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